Equal Opportunity

ROAAR© is unable to assist users of this site with equal opportunity claims of any kind. While our team advocates strongly against discrimination, the ROAAR© team and website is a resource portal for those seeking employment. We are not involved in the hiring process. Our goal and purpose for this portal is to match the right company with the right employee.

In the event you feel your application or person has been discriminated against, we encourage you to seek legal assistance in the country of origin of the Contractor (employer).

As a further resource to users of ROAAR© we have made a document available for review from the International Labour Conference of 1988. We feel this to be the fullest disclosure of the Conference bylaws and useful information available to the public at this time. (Further updates may be available in the future.)

The Equal Employment Opportunity Responsibilities of Multinational Employers

The globalization of business activity has resulted in employers from around the world assigning increasing numbers of personnel internationally. The following general guidance is intended to help multinational employers determine their obligations under U.S. equal employment opportunity laws (EEO laws).

Operations in the United States or U.S. Territories

Multinational employers that operate in the United States or its territories — American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands — are subject to EEO laws to the same extent as U.S. employers, unless the employer is covered by a treaty or other binding international agreement that limits the full applicability of U.S. anti-discrimination laws, such as one that permits the company to prefer its own nationals for certain positions.

Operations Outside the United States and U.S. Territories

Companies Based in the U.S.

Employers that are incorporated or based in the U.S. or are controlled by U.S. companies and that employ U.S. citizens outside the United States or its territories are subject to Title VII, the ADEA, and the ADA with respect to those employees. U.S. EEO laws do not apply to non-U.S. citizens outside the U.S. or its territories.

How to Determine Who is a U.S. Employer

An employer will be considered to be a U.S. employer if it is incorporated or based in the United States or if it has sufficient connections with the United States. This is an individualized factual determination that will be based on the following relevant factors:

  • the employer’s principal place of business, i.e., the primary place where factories, offices, and other facilities are located;
  • the nationality of dominant shareholders and/or those holding voting control; and
  • the nationality and location of management (the officers and directors of the company).

How to Determine Whether a Company is “Controlled” By a U.S. Employer

  • Employers operating outside the United States are covered by Title VII, the ADEA, and the ADA only if they are controlled by a U.S. employer. Whether a company is controlled by a U.S. employer is also an individualized determination, which will be based on the following relevant factors:
  • whether the operations of the employers are interrelated;
  • whether there is common management;
  • whether there is centralized control of labor relations; and
  • whether there is common ownership or financial control.

Foreign Laws Defense

U.S. employers are not required to comply with the requirements of Title VII, the ADEA, or the ADA, if adherence to that requirement would violate a law of the country where the workplace is located. For example, an employer would have a “Foreign Laws Defense” for a mandatory retirement policy if the law of the country in which the company is located requires mandatory retirement.

A U.S. employer may not transfer an employee to another country in order to disadvantage the employee because of his/her race, color, sex, religion, national origin, age, or disability. For example, an employer may not transfer an older worker to a country with a mandatory retirement age for the purpose of forcing the employee’s retirement.

What U.S. EEO Laws Cover

The federal EEO laws enforced by the EEOC are Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and the Equal Pay Act (EPA). These laws prohibit covered employers from discriminating on the bases of race, color, sex, national origin, religion, age, and disability. Examples of conduct prohibited include:

  • Discriminatory Employment Decisions Title VII, the ADEA, and the ADA prohibit discrimination in all aspects of the employment relationship, including recruitment, hiring, assignment, transfer, firing, layoffs, and other conditions or privileges of employment.
  • Discrimination in Compensation and Benefits Title VII, the ADEA, and the ADA prohibit discrimination in compensation based on race, color, sex, national origin, religion, age, and disability. In addition, the EPA prohibits pay discrimination between men and women who are performing substantially equal work. Although the EPA does not apply outside the United States, such claims are covered by Title VII, which also prohibits discrimination in compensation on the basis of sex.
  • Harassment Title VII, the ADEA, and the ADA also prohibit offensive conduct that creates a hostile work environment based on race, color, sex, national origin, religion, age, and disability. Employers are required to take appropriate steps to prevent and correct unlawful harassment and employees are responsible for reporting harassment at an early stage to prevent its escalation.
  • Retaliation Title VII, the ADEA, the ADA, and the EPA prohibit employers from retaliating against employees because they have opposed unlawful discrimination or participated in a discrimination related proceeding.

Need More Information?

For more detailed information, including a comprehensive discussion of these and other issues, please see: